Category: Gifts in the Body

The Beauty of Diversity

If the whole body were an eye, where would the sense of hearing be? If the whole body were an ear, where would the sense of smell be?

1 Corinthians 12:17

What are the most memorable words anyone has spoken to you? I still recall meeting a South African called Andy: we only really had one proper conversation in the few months we overlapped at the same church, but towards the end of an hour chatting, he said to me, “How many life-changing meetings have you been to? Don’t focus on meetings: be a life-changing person.” Long before I was involved in church leadership, this shaped how I looked at the functioning of Christian community.

Those words are good ones, but I doubt that they have anything like the same effect on you as you read them – and the reason for that is that Andy had a particular gift of pastoral discipleship. He listened to people, kept an ear out to what the Holy Spirit was saying, and spoke the right word at the right time to have a huge impact on someone’s life. As a result, when he spoke words like this, they came with a quiet and gentle authority, and landed on a heart that needed to hear those words at that point in life.

I could equally point to times when someone spoke into my life with the prophetic gift. I think of my friend Neil who sat me down and said (with a touch of British awkwardness) “I think God wants me to talk to you about women” – not knowing that after a few messy relationships, I had just started corresponding with Caroline, now my wife. Or perhaps the three people who didn’t know each other, went to three different churches, and yet all shared with me within the space of 24 hours that they thought God wanted me to move from IT into church ministry.

The church thrives when people like Andy and Neil get to excel in the gifts God has given them, rather than filling whatever the perceived “gaps” are, even if they don’t fit. To put that in terms of Paul’s body metaphor, imagine how ludicrous it would be for someone who was missing a leg to try to replace it with a finger, or one of their ears! We need to let ears be ears, even if we’re missing a leg at the moment – they’re crafted with God’s creative genius and incredible precision to be excellent at hearing, and they hurt if you stand on them1If you’ve tried this and disagree, I’d love to hear from you.

Beyond individual excellence

But there’s a further strength and beauty that can be found in the body of Christ, and that’s when people with diverse gifts work together in harmony. I don’t think I’ve ever met a really gifted evangelist who loved teaching, and I’ve often seen tension between people with those two gifts: the evangelist is so keen on seeing people born again that they just want to give people the basics of salvation, with no barriers of doctrine or “church behaviour” to worry about, and when those people are born again, they want to find some more lost people. The teacher wants to be sure that they’ve really understood the Gospel, that they’re prepared to make life changes, and that the church thrives as a healthy place for those new believers to land. Even if they get to the point of understanding each other, they can often be placed in a church culture where they feel the need to “compete” for the direction and energy of the church.

On the other hand, in places where these two gifts are helped to work together, the results are beautiful: the teacher appreciates the evangelist’s heart for the lost, makes sure they have access to good resources, occasionally challenges fuzzy theology, and ensures that the wider church understands the theology of witnessing; the evangelist appreciates the teacher’s desire to see God’s nature known and His truth proclaimed, demonstrates through regular new birth that the Gospel still transforms lives, occasionally challenges the pursuit of purely academic theology, and stresses to new believers the importance of continuing to learn from the Scriptures.

The same could be said of pioneer leaders2“pioneer leader” or “church planter” is one common understanding of the term “apostle” as used in Ephesians 4, but whether or not that’s your understanding, it’s clearly a gift! and administrators – often they can be at loggerheads, with administrators frustrated at there being new ideas every week with little follow-through, and pioneers feeling thwarted by bureaucracy. On the other hand, with common understanding and goals, the administrator can help the pioneer to bring people with them and to build sustainably, while the pioneer can bring vision and keep the administrator from simply cranking the handle and keeping tired structures alive.

I’m convinced that when people with different gifts in the church use their gifts excellently and in cooperation with each other, it is beautiful to God – and surely that is the highest goal of all.

Why bother?

All of this takes effort. A lot of effort. We have to learn to understand people who aren’t like us, and we have to take Paul’s command to think of others more highly than ourselves from a comfortably abstract notion to a practical, lived-out one. So why bother?

The key here is this: God could do it all Himself anyway. That’s right – He doesn’t need us to accomplish His purposes3If anyone wants convincing on this, start with Isaiah 59! but He loves it when we do. Growing up, it was a good day if my sisters and I didn’t spend most of our time bickering or ganging up two-against-one. We have a lot of similarities and very similar DNA, but also very different motivations and gifts. But on the occasional Saturday, we would work together to make breakfast in bed for our parents, or write and act out a funny4well, we thought it was funny play, or some similar project, and invariably our parents would love it. We didn’t have to be competent – I remember one occasion where we thought it would be good to make them nettle soup, and we served it cold because we weren’t allowed to use the kettle – and my parents could have done a much better job, but they loved it because their children were working together. I’m convinced that when people with different gifts in the church use their gifts excellently and in cooperation with each other, it is beautiful to God – and that is surely the highest goal of all.

Getting practical

So, how can we actively pursue this? What can we practically do, to get closer to this beautiful ideal of pleasing God by excelling and cooperating? Here’s some of my considered thoughts:

  1. Don’t try to fill gaps if you don’t have the gifting and faith to do so. I’m not talking about last-minute stand-ins for someone who’s sick, but rather the guilt-led, “someone needs to do it or it won’t get done”. Like it or not, there are normally people in the wings who aren’t stepping up because someone else always does. Or perhaps God is OK with that thing being left undone for a season. But the “fill-the-gap” mentality leaves us walking on eyes, looking through noses – you get the picture.
  2. Engage with the spirituality of people who aren’t like you. Where others differ from us in motivation, gifts, demeanour or spiritual practices, we can be quick to judge that difference as immaturity or even lack of orthodoxy. However, that judgment does no good to them or to us, and it’s normally uninformed. If we take time to learn why it is that someone lives and acts so differently, we’ll come to a more accurate picture: and while there’ll often be some immaturity in the mix, we normally find that there’s also a different God-given gift or motivation for us to appreciate.
  3. Believe the best of brothers and sisters in the faith. This follows on from the previous point: where our feelings towards someone are based on ignorance of what they’re really like and their true motivations, we often default to suspicion and criticism. This is not a call to naivety, but to trust. We must have our eyes open to sin and wickedness in the church, but it should not be our default assumption about anyone we don’t “click” with.
  4. Think about the strengths and weaknesses of the mix of gifts God has given you. You have been given a beautiful and unique mix of gifts, which God intends you to use in and out of the church to build up His Kingdom. You’ve also not been given the full package – and the areas in which you are not gifted will leave holes. Some of mine are: poor communication, poor administration, being overly abstract in explaining vision, struggling to simplify teaching for younger audiences, understanding younger teenagers, forgetting to care for people with whom I’m not in regular contact. Knowing that, I value and seek to partner up with people who are strong in those ways: in particular, even though I don’t like talking about process and communication strategy, I really value spiritually-minded administrators. Work out your gaps, and look to understand and work with people who excel in those areas.

If you’ve taken the time to read this far, it’s definitely worth another five minutes of your time now to pray and bring those four points before God, who knows us far better than we know ourselves. How can we live this out more perfectly? How can we use what we’ve been given and what we haven’t been given to glorify God in community and cooperation?

How truly wonderful and delightful
To see brothers and sisters living together in sweet unity!

Psalm 133:1

This blog is one of a series on how we use our gifts in the church, which will grow over the coming weeks. The main post and the links to other topics can be found here. As always, if you have any thoughts or reflections, please do comment below – and if you would like to have a longer discussion on a specific area or your personal situation, please do drop me an email.

Discovering our gifts

Each of you should use whatever gift you have received to serve others, as faithful stewards of God’s grace in its various forms.

1 Peter 4:10

What gifts has God given you? In Romans 12, Paul states in a very matter-of-fact way, “If your gift is prophesying, then prophesy in accordance with your faith; if it is serving, then serve; if it is teaching, then teach; …” and so it continues. Peter (quoted above) does the same. But many of us find ourselves one step back from that – wanting to serve, but unsure what our gifts are. How do we get beyond that stage, and start serving the body in the ways we were made to do?

  1. Start with what you know

Some people seem to be born generous: while Caroline would do what most children do, and spend her pocket money on herself, her sister Katharine would always come back from the shops with things she’d bought for other people. As she’s grown up, this has developed into a gift of encouragement and of generosity: many a person has had a rough day and got home to a card from her, sent a few days before on a small prompting from the Lord.

What things are you already passionate about, and what talents do you already know that you have? It may well be that these existing abilities are gifts given you by the Lord for blessing the church.

  1. … but don’t be limited by that

Amos the prophet delivered an unpopular message to the kingdom of Israel, and before long the powers that be told him to pack his bags and go home to Judah. His response is really interesting:

I was neither a prophet nor the son of a prophet, but I was a shepherd, and I also took care of sycamore-fig trees. But the Lord took me from tending the flock and said to me, “Go, prophesy to my people Israel.” Now then, hear the word of the Lord…

Amos 7:14-16

Amos was familiar with shepherding and farming, but God had other plans for him – plans that involved giving him a different gift and calling. I’ve already mentioned Eric Liddell, whose God-given gift of running did not prevent him from stepping into the unrelated call of overseas mission work in China, and his athleticism didn’t prevent him from developing the pastoral gift which he so famously exercised in the internment camp where he died.

  1. Ask, seek, knock!

Jesus told the crowds, “if you know how to give good gifts to your children, how much more will your heavenly Father give the Holy Spirit to those who ask Him!”1Luke 11:13 This is the same famous passage that encourages us to “ask, seek, knock…” If we are commanded to “follow the way of love and eagerly desire gifts of the Spirit, especially prophecy.”21 Corinthians 14:1 then it follows that we must have some input in the process, even though the gifts are God’s to give as He wants.

If our motivation is love31 Corinthians 13, then it’s not only OK to ask, but actively encouraged. In the believers’ prayer in Acts 4, we see a group of believers actively asking for spiritual gifts – boldness, healing, signs and wonders. Only a few verses later we see the apostles healing many and speaking boldly – and not just the apostles: Stephen gets into trouble because he speaks boldly with “the wisdom the Spirit gave him as he spoke”4Acts 6:10.

When you lovingly consider your church fellowship, what is lacking? Perhaps an evangelist to equip other believers in their own witness and to set an example, bringing encouragement as they see people born again? Perhaps a prophet to prepare the church for what’s around the corner, to help people to see themselves and the church as God does, or to speak powerfully into the lives of visiting unbelievers? If the church is hard-up, perhaps we would do well to ask God for a gift of generosity and giving; if everybody is exhausted, perhaps a gift of encouragement or of administration – is needed. Where a church faces difficult choices, words of wisdom are a powerful tool in the hands of a believer who knows that they carry the gift; words of knowledge are a powerful breakthrough tool in pastoral ministry if a believer exercises them in love.

  1. Ask others

I’ve made no secret of my belief that God loves to speak to us through each other, not because He can’t do it directly, but because by so doing He fosters true, loving community in the church. We see in Paul’s recommendations that he recognises the gifts that individuals carry: Tychicus’s encouragement, Epaphras’s prayerfulness, the leadership of the household of Stephanus, the apostleship of Junia and Andronicus. Archippus is told to complete the ministry he’s received, indicating that Paul’s vision for what God has called him to probably exceeds his own understanding of it – the same is true of Timothy, who Paul encourages to “fan into flame the gift of God”, pointing out that the gift even arrived “by the laying on of my hands”.

So another way of discovering your gifts is to ask other believers – perhaps friends who know you, or leaders in the church. The ability to help people discover their gifts, to support them in developing, and to release them to use them effectively is a vital leadership skill. And this is a two-way street – you almost certainly have friends with dormant gifts who need to be told what they carry before they can step up. For the record, I’m a big fan of well-done and scriptural “gift discovery” resources too, but much more so if they’re set up to be done in the context of relationship – we are part of a body, and any resource that sets us up as an independent “island” of gifting is likely to fail to equip us to serve the body.

  1. Have a go

The pictures above are from the same artist, five years apart. Our eldest, Élysée, has long outstripped my own poor artistic skills, but he didn’t start off drawing the beautiful work he does now. It took time, encouragement, and lots of paper. It can be easy to think of spiritual gifts as different, either because God wouldn’t give a half-baked gift, or because we don’t remember any examples in Scripture of people exercising spiritual gifts and it not being very good. Perhaps in many cases they weren’t very remarkable occasions – but at least one comes to mind. The twelve disciples were sent out (Luke 9) with power and authority to heal and to drive out demons. They return having preached and healed, yet a short while later, after Jesus’s transfiguration, He comes back down the mountain to encounter a boy with a demon who the disciples had not been able to cast out. Jesus rebukes the evil spirit, tells the disciples that this kind only comes out by prayer5and fasting, in some manuscripts, and the disciples grow in their gift. By the time the seventy-two are sent out, they return saying, “even the demons submit to us in your name!”

The people of God are not lab rats, so we have to be careful about how we practise using our gifts. Some are riskier than others: trying to encourage someone and getting it wrong is unlikely to cause any offence, and very few sick people are upset or offended if you offer to pray and they are not instantly healed; on the other hand, a teacher who is still immature in their gift could lead a group of people astray if they use their gift in the wrong setting, and a prophet who is still growing in their gift could misunderstand the message and give people a really bad steer in a choice they’re making. However, these dangers are already covered in Scripture – in particular in Romans 12. We are not to be proud, but to use the gifts we have in accordance with the faith God has given us. So if you’re getting going in a gift, be sensible about the context in which you use it, and make sure you bring a good dose of humility!

Often the best way to grow and develop is to partner up with someone else whose gifting is a little more mature than our own: they can help us prepare, be with us as we serve, and give helpful feedback afterwards – I believe that’s the best way for teachers, encouragers, healers, leaders, administrators and prophets to grow in their gifts.

This blog is one of a series on how we use our gifts in the church, which will grow over the coming weeks. The main post and the links to other topics can be found here. As always, if you have any thoughts or reflections, please do comment below – and if you would like to have a longer discussion on a specific area or your personal situation, please do drop me an email.

Which gifts are “spiritual”?

I believe God made me for a purpose, but he also made me fast! And when I run I feel his pleasure.

Eric Liddell

Have you ever read the lists of spiritual gifts in 1 Corinthians 12, Romans 12 or Ephesians 4 and wondered about your own gifts, and whether they “count”? The word “spiritual” (πνευματικῶν) only actually appears in one of the passages, but the structure set out in each of the three passages is the same: one God, giving different gifts to different people, in order to build up the body of which He is the head.

God made us, and every good gift comes from Him, so in that sense, every single thing that we’re good at is a gift from God – as reflected in the Eric Liddell quote at the start of this blog. However, the gifts listed in 1 Corinthians 12-14 have something in common – they all require an ongoing inspiration of the Holy Spirit to exercise. God gave Eric Liddell a fast body (and a disciplined mind!) so he could run fast any time he wanted to; however, nobody has the bodily ability to heal another, or to know the secrets of another person’s heart – that ability must be given each time by the Holy Spirit. This is why Paul refers to them as “different manifestations of the same Spirit”.

We are urged to eagerly desire these Spirit-given gifts (1 Cor 12:31), but they are also mixed in alongside other gifts in Romans 12 and Ephesians 4, which indicates that these other gifts – service, teaching, encouragement, pastoral care – are also of great value. So perhaps a better question is not, “is my gift Spiritual?” but rather, “how can I use my gifts Spiritually?” In my reading of Scripture, there are two ways to ensure that we do this:

  1. Exercise the gift in faith and relationship with the Lord

I have no doubt that the most successful people in any field – science, sport, commerce, or anything else – have been given gifts by God that enabled them to excel. However, unless they have been reconciled to God, those gifts are being used according to their own ends, as they thing right. Sometimes that may happen to coincide with how God would want them to use them – where it brings about greater justice, brings peace or perhaps healing. At other times it will actively oppose the Kingdom of God. Clearly that gift isn’t being used spiritually.

However, it’s possible for a believer to also detach their gift from their relationship with God – to pray, worship and obey God, and yet to see their gifts as separate from their “Christian life”. Pause and ask yourself a question:

  • If you look after children full-time – what makes you a good parent to them? What would they say they appreciate about your character and skills?
  • If you are employed – what makes you a good employee, and what skills would go on your CV?
  • If you manage an aspect of your household – what are your strengths in that regard?
  • What would your closest friends say they most appreciate about your character, and in what circumstances would they seek you out?

Once you’ve put together that list, ask yourself – which of those attributes or skills do I talk to God about? Which ones do I ask Him how I can best use? Am I conscious of God when I use them? It’s an amazing thing that when he ran, Eric Liddell’s mind wasn’t simply on his legs, his opponents, or the finish line – he was aware of God’s pleasure!1If you look at some quotes by him, you’ll see that he viewed his running with a healthy sense of perspective!. Why not seek to do the same in exercising your own gifts?

  1. Use the gift for building up the Body of Christ

At my previous church, there was an Indian couple who had gifts of encouragement and hospitality. Quite apart from cooking the best curry I’ve ever tasted, they had a way of making pretty much anyone feel at ease in their company. It was frequently the case that when we would finally manage to connect with people who’d been on the fringe of church for a while and weren’t easy to contact, we’d find that they’d already been to Sam & Ree’s house once or twice, and were exchanging text messages on a semi-regular basis. They also scooped up people who were isolated – students staying up over the holidays, single people who’d recently arrived in the city and didn’t know anyone – and connected with them. There were plenty of people in the church who had a gift of hospitality, but it was clear that this couple excelled in actively seeking to use their gift for the building up of the Body.

In my experience, helping people to exercise their gifts for the sake of the church is much easier amongst young people – students and 20s-30s in particular – because they’re at a stage of constant change anyway, and are comfortable with the idea of growing and developing in their relationship with the church, and critically they’re also used to the idea that they’ll not necessarily do something well and will need to learn. I’ve found it to be significantly harder to convince older members of the church to begin using a gift that they aren’t already using – where people haven’t been encouraged to use their gifts for decades, it can be hard to ask them to be inexperienced learners once more. However, Scripture teaches us that while youth is not a barrier to wisdom, yet we should expect treasures of wisdom to be found most commonly amongst the older members of our congregation2Job 12:12-13, Proverbs 16:31, 1 Timothy 4:12. When combined with a gift of pastoral care or encouragement, this is a particular blessing to the church.

If you already have an idea of what your gifts might be (or if the questions above gave you some clues) then why not ask yourself, “how can I use this in the service of God, and of His people?” And if you’re still not sure, please reach out to the church leadership team, because it may be that there are needs you’re not aware of!

One last thought – some might be concerned that saying “here are my gifts – find me a way to use them in the church!” sounds proud or arrogant. This comes down a lot to the attitude with which it’s brought. It can be done in a way that suggests, “I am gifted and I deserve a place doing …” and that certainly does sound a lot like pride; however, remembering that all gifts come from God, it certainly isn’t pride to say, “I believe God has given me these gifts – how can I be of service?”

This blog is one of a series on how we use our gifts in the church, which will grow over the coming weeks. The main post and the links to other topics can be found here. As always, if you have any thoughts or reflections, please do comment below – and if you would like to have a longer discussion on a specific area or your personal situation, please do drop me an email.

Gifts in the Body of Christ

Instead, speaking the truth in love, we will grow to become in every respect the mature body of him who is the head, that is, Christ. From him the whole body, joined and held together by every supporting ligament, grows and builds itself up in love, as each part does its work.

Ephesians 4:15-16

Last Sunday, our passage was Romans 12:1-8, which talks about the vital role of each part of the body playing its part, of everyone in the church exercising whatever gifts they have to the extent to which they’re gifted in that area. The focus of the Romans passage is on humility – not seeing ourselves as the solution to all needs, but valuing others’ gifts. The Ephesians passage quoted above (and the longer passage preceding it) focuses on the value of gifts in developing unity and maturity in the church. Meanwhile, the aim of the passage on gifts in 1 Corinthians 12 seems to be to encourage believers to seek and desire spiritual gifts, but to exercise them in cooperation with each other.

Any of those passages on their own would be enough to warrant our attention, but the theme of complementary gifting emerges in three separate letters of Paul with very different audiences and objectives – this is something worth spending significant time on!

However, it’s not always easy to know what your gifts are, how to use them to bless the church, and how to develop them further. This set of blogs will explore some of those topics, in the hope of helping us to live this out at WCC. The current plan is write on the following topics, but I may tweak it, depending on feedback!

In the process of writing these, I’ve come across some really good articles for further reading. I’ll link to some of the most helpful here: